SUMMARY: Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) H.R. 3684, is a US Federal Statue enacted by Congress and signed into law by President Biden on November 15, 2021.
Background: The March 2021 American Jobs Plan ($2.3 trillion) was to be combined with the American Families Plan, amounted to $4 trillion in infrastructure spending). The detailed plan aimed to create millions of jobs, bolster unions, expand labor protections, and address climate change.
The IIJA was initially a $715 billion infrastructure package that included provisions related to federal-aid highway, transit, highway safety, motor carrier, research, hazardous materials and rail programs of the Department of Transportation. After congressional negotiations, it was amended and renamed to the IIJA to include funding for broadband access, clean water, electric grid renewal in addition to the transportation and road proposals of the original House bill. This amended version included approximately $1.2 trillion in spending, with $550 billion being newly authorized spending on top of what Congress was planning to authorize regularly.
The amended bill was passed 69–30 by the Senate on August 10, 2021. On November 5, it was passed 228–206 by the House, and ten days later was signed into law by President Biden.
House Provisions authorized by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) for the INVEST in America Act, the original version which passed the House on July 1, 2021:
Investment categories ($ billion) in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021, adding to about $550 billion over a decade.
According to NPR, the Senate Provisions include: